Basic Cruising Standards (CYA certified) $1500


Upon completion of this course you will able to cruise safely in familiar waters as both skipper and
crew of a sloop rigged keelboat of 6 to 10 meters in moderate wind and sea conditions by day.

You will able to:

1. Identify and describe the following:

Hull and keel
Bow, beam and stern
Boomvang and topping lift
Shackles and fairleads
Deck and cabin
Cleats and winches
Rudder and tiller/wheel
Pulpit and pushpit
Cockpit and self-bailing cockpit
Stanchions and lifelines
Gudgeons and pintles
Main, jib and storm jib
Mast and boom
Genoa and spinnaker
Head, tack and clew
Shrouds and stays
Luff, foot and leech
Tangs and turnbuckles
Battens, hanks and slides
Cringles and reef points
Running rigging
Roller and jiffy/slab reefing
Standing rigging
Sheets and halyards
Outhaul and cunningham
Spring and breast lines
Roller furling

2. Describe the following with the aid of diagrams: Ahead, abeam and astern, forward and aft;

3. Define and be able to identify these terms from a diagram:

No way
In irons
Sailing by the lee
Close Hauled
On a tack
Port tack
Luffing (of sail)
Starboard tack
Heading up
Bearing away
Reaching (Close, beam and broad)

Gear and Equipment
You will able to:
4. List from memory the Department of Transport (DOT) required items for the candidate’s boat (Safe Boating Guide);
5. Describe the reasons for keeping gear and equipment stowed in assigned places in a cruising boat.
Section III: Safety
The candidate must be able to:
6. Describe the purpose of a safety harness and dangers of improper attachment in a cruising boat;
7. State the purpose of pulpits and lifelines;
8. Describe the lights carried: under sail; under power and at anchor;
9. a) Define hypothermia and describe the major areas of heat loss to the body, b) Describe treatment for mild and severe hypothermia, c) List correct actions to be taken by a victim in cold water to increase survival time;
10. Describe the precautions taken to prevent undue magnetic influences to the vessel’s compass;
11. Describe the common sources of fire and explosion and list the methods for preventing such occurrences and actions to be taken in the event of an onboard fire;
12. Describe safe refueling procedures;
13. Identify a scuba diving flag;
14. Describe: a) The danger involved in re-charging batteries, b) How to safely launch flares;
15. Describe the uses, capabilities and limitations of a yacht radar reflector;
16. State the dangers of overhead power lines.
Section IV: Rules of the Road
The candidate must be able to:
17. Apply Rules 12 - 17 of the Collision Regulations by means of diagrams;
18. Describe the actions and precautions to be taken in reduced visibility.

You will able to:
19. State three sources of marine weather information;
20. Interpret the marine weather forecast applicable to the area of operation, and describe how to apply the information to decide: a) Whether it is safe to set sail in the candidate’s boat, and b) What changes are forecast for the next six hours and what expect these should have on the day’s planned activities;
21. Describe local weather hazards, how they can be identified, the normal warning time available, and the actions to be taken to reduce/avoid effects.

Duties of the Skipper and Crew
You will able to:
22. List the main responsibilities of the skipper and crew as listed below:

a) Safety of crew and boat,
b) Briefing on location and operation of lifesaving and other safety equipment prior to getting underway,
c) Assigning duties, d) Instruction in the safe use of the boat’s equipment while underway

a) Obey skipper
b) Assist skipper

You will able to:
23. Describe the sequence of sail reduction as wind speed increases;
24. Describe the danger of your lee shore;
25. Read the following information from a Canadian Hydrographic chart of the local area: a) depth of water b) types of bottom (sand, rock, mud and clay) c) under water/surface hazards: kelp, cable, rock, shoals, cribs, wrecks, currents d) buoys and their significance e) light symbol f) beacons g) distance scale
26. Use of Tide and Current Tables to find: a) times and heights of tides at reference ports b) direction and rate of current at reference stations
27. Describe: a) the features of a secure anchorage b) the holding characteristics of commonly used anchors c) suitable rode d) scope requirements when anchoring for lunch, overnight and rough weather
28. Describe the immediate action to be take for the following circumstances:
a) springing a leak
f) dragging anchor
b) steering fails
g) running aground
c) grounding at anchor
h) broken halyard
d) fouled propeller
i) fire
e) standing rigging fails
29. Describe the one commonly accepted use for each of the following knots, bends and hitches:
a) reef knot
d) bowline
b) figure eight
e) clove hitch
c) double sheet bend
f) round turn & two half hitches
30. Describe the use of the VHF radio for receiving weather reports and making emergency calls.


You will able to:
1. Demonstrate on land the correct method of putting on a personal flotation device in the water;
2. Demonstrate the correct use of a heaving line;
3. Carry out a check of the vessel’s gear and equipment in accordance with the CYA Cruising Boat Cheklist, page 92-93, and demonstrate use and care of onboard equipment;
4. Select, bend on, check and stow sails;
5. Coil a line and secure (sea coil);
6. Properly stow lines and fenders;
7. Demonstrate how to belay to a cleat;
8. Demonstrate safe winch techniques with particular emphasis on: a) possible high strain on sheet/halyard, b) how to avoid riding turns (and how to clear), c) position of hands/fingers, d) winch handles - fitting and removal.

Manoeuvring Under Power
You will able to:
9. Start auxiliary engine on vessel, observing commonly accepted safety practices;
10. Come to a full stop with stern one half boat length away from a buoy using reverse. (The objective of this manoeuvre is to know how much distance is required to bring a vessel to a full stop. Vessel is to be kept on a straight course while the manoeurve is being carried out);
11. Manoeuvre a vessel under power to a position alongside and parallel to a dock, portside to and starboardside to, not more than one meter off without the aid of lines, without the stern passing a given mark at any time during the manoeuvre;
12. Apply Rules 5 through 18 of the Collision Regulations as applied to a vessel under power;
13. Set anchor in water more than ten feet in depth, so not to drag when tested under engine power at half-throttle astern;
14. Raise anchor with boat ready and get under way.

Handling Under Sail
You will able to:
15. Hoist the mainsail while under power/at anchor, or mooring (Head to wind), hoist headsail, set appropriate luff tension, and flake halyards;
16. Apply Rules 5 through 18 of the Collision Regulations as applied to a vessel under sail;
17. Act as skipper and crew giving correct commands and responses while demonstrating the proper techniques of beating, reaching and running; tacking and gybing; heading up bear away, luffing and heaving to; using the following commands and responses:
"Head Up"
"Bear Away"
"Ease Sheets"
"Harden Sheets"
"Ready About"
"Ready to Gybe"
18. Reduce sail by reefing and shake out a reef while keeping vessel under control;
19. Demonstrate skipper’s action/commands while under sail from the time a member of the crew falls overboard without warning, until the crew is safely recovered. Consider the crew overboard wearing a PFD and able to assist him/herself. Include the following minimum actions: a) Sound alarm "Crew Overboard!", b) Deploy marker and buoyant object(s), c) Appoint and maintain a look out, d) Triangle method of return (under sail), e) Describe at least two methods of getting a person out of the water and back aboard.
You will able to perform returns both under power and sail. For these manoeuvres the crew can consist of three or more, but the student is to describe the actions to be taken if one of a two person crew falls overboard also, with the vessel under sail.
20. Lower sail while under power or at anchor or a mooring.

Making Fast and Snugging Down
You will able to:
21. Secure a vessel to a dock to prevent excessive movement and set out fenders correctly;
22. Stop auxiliary engine and secure when departing vessel for night, observing commonly accepted safety practices;
23. Demonstrate the procedures for snugging down a vessel for overnight;
24. Tie the following knots, bends and hitches within 30 seconds each:
a) reef knot,
b) figure eight,
c) double sheet bend,
d) bowline,
e) clove hitch,
f) round turn & two half hitches

The full course comprises approximately 6 days, of which 3 days are in a classroom setting, with the balance "on the water".

Full Course fees $1500.00 (textbook & logbook included)